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Read-Only File System Error - rc.conf Corrupted on FreeBSD(TM)

HOW TO FIX THE 'READ ONLY FILE SYSTEM' PROBLEM WHEN RC.CONF IS CORRUPTED ON FREEBSD


  1. If somehow you have messed up rc.conf, you likely are now seeing an error message like:

    Read only file system
    This error is likely due to some typographical error in rc.conf.  Perhaps it is a quote mark on the end of a line that is missing, or some other 'fat finger' mistake.

    In any case, when you reboot you aren't able to write to the hard drive, and get the Read only file system error message.

  2. In order to temporarily write to the hard drive so you can edit rc.conf, do the following:

    mount -u

    mount -a -t ufs

    swapon -a

    /usr/local/bin/pico /etc/rc.conf

  3. After you have exited out of Pico, reboot (shutdown -r now) and if you've fixed the error in rc.conf the computer will boot normally.

  4. Note that this assumes you have Pico installed.  If you don't, you can still recover but you have to deal with vi.  This text editor, vi, is an extremely anti-intuitive piece of software.  Before you go any further, you are strongly urged to print out a cheat sheet so that you are familiar with vi's bizzare commands:

    http://www.indiana.edu/~ucspubs/b104/
    http://tinyurl.com/4je4p

  5. If you are using vi, then the commands would be the same as above except for the 'Pico' line.  Use the following instead:

    /usr/bin/vi /etc/rc.conf




Here are some other FreeBSD related links:
How to Install FreeBSD

Shell Configuration

FreeBSD Device List

Hardware Burn-In Test Using FreeBSD

FreeBSD Commands Cheat Sheet

'make install' fails on FreeBSD

The FreeBSD 'Handbook' online

Search for Answers to Questions about FreeBSD

How to Install NTP (Network Time Protocol) software on FreeBSD

How to Install Samba file server software on FreeBSD

Mounting and Using the Floppy Drive in FreeBSD

Mounting and Using the CD-ROM Drive in FreeBSD

How to Find or Search for a Directory or a file

How to Preserve the Date and Time Stamp When Copying Files

How to Copy Files, and Directories recursively in FreeBSD / unix

How To Fix The 'Read Only File System' Problem When rc.conf is Corrupted on Freebsd

Random Passwords Generator

URL Decoder / Link Maker


AT YOUR OWN RISK: These instructions have no guarantee or warrantee of fitness for any purpose whatsoever--and none shall be implied or inferred.  If you use these and incur any kind of damage--it is your responsibility.




















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